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Labor Day is a national holiday, according to the U.S. Department of Labor official site, that exists as, “a creation of the labor movement” dedicated to the “social and economic achievements of American workers.”
Labor Day is always observed on the first Monday in September and will be observed this year on Monday, September 2, 2019.
Who Started Labor Day?
Like much in American history, Labor Day’s origins are humble. The first “official” government observance of what we now know as labor day started at the municipal level, where the state of Oregon passed the first legislation to formally recognize the holiday, but wasn’t the first state to observe Labor Day, as we’ll learn below.
The identity of who first thought up the original idea is uncertain. According to the Department of Labor, it was either Peter J. McGuire, a co-founder of the American Federation of Labor or Matthew McGuire, a machinist who later became the secretary of his local International Association of Machinists lodge in New Jersey.